Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation or Monopoly?



The problem of nuclear proliferation is an old one dating back to the first offensive nuclear detonation in 1945 when the United States used nuclear weapons on Japan. The problem resurfaces each time a new nation develops nuclear weapons: the Soviet Union in 1949, the UK in 1952, France in 1962, China in 1964 and India in 1974. Israel claims to have nuclear weapons. Brazil, South Africa, Egypt, Argentina could  but have stopped development; and Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Syria and probably others have express the desire to have them. The development of a nuclear black market is well known over the past four decades.  Iran and to a lesser degree India remain active customers by using procurement networks to supply its nuclear programmes via the private sector notes the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).