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Author Guidelines


Technical specifications for the papers

The papers should be submitted in Word 2003 or newer versions format, between 25,000 and 35,000 characters (with spaces), including abstract, figures, tables and bibliography. The papers should meet the following requirements:

  • Margins: Left – 2,5; Right – 2,5; Top – 2,5; Bottom – 2,5;
  • Title: Times New Roman, 14 pt, bold, centered;
  • Academic rank, grade, first and last name of the author, place of work: Times New Roman, 12 pt, bold, centered;
  • Abstract: Times New Roman, 12 pt, italic, justified;
  • Main text of the report: Times New Roman, 12 pt, normal, justified; spacing 1,5; before paragraph 0.6 pt; after - 0 pt;
  • Tables and figures should be centered and the source should be referred below them, aligned left, Times New Roman, 10 pt, normal.
  • Citing: citing in the text (last name, year); in case of citing of specific text (last name, year: page). Example: Weber, 1997: 49.
  • Bibliography in alphabetical order at the end of the papers should be as follows: Heller, A. 1988. „On Formal Democracy“. In: Keane, J. (ed.) Civil Society and the State: New European Perspectives. London: Verso.
  1. Title – 8-12 words. Lower case letters. Bold.
  2. Abstract – 150-200 words.
  3. Key words – 6-8.
  4. Introduction
  5. Theoretical observation, overview or survey
  6. Data collection, corpus/corpora. Object of study.
  7. Research methods.
  8. Results or findings
  9. Discussion
  10. Conclusion
  11. References/Citations
  12. Bibliography – APA standards
  13. Appendices

Notes and References

The references should be cited in Roman script. If there are sources in Cyrillic script, they (authors, titles and sources) should be presented in Roman script with translation into English or by transliteration.

The list of references should include sources that can be checked easily by the referees and by the readers as well. The marginal sources without broad visibility should not be included in the list of references. Nevertheless, if such sources are necessary to be cited, they should appear in the list of notes. This list should contain some additional explanations or marginal sources including internet addresses, preferably in portable document format (pdf). The position of notes within the text should be marked by Arabic numerals as superscripts.

The style of the list of references should be in accordance with the Publication Manual of American Psychological Association (APA style), widely used for such kind of publications.

Information about the contributor or short self-presentation should not exceed 100 words. This text is an obligatory element and it is published in every issue.

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice


Public Ethics and Publication Malpracice Statement is based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines and is commited to following the best practices on ethical matters and standards of ethical behaviour at all stages of the publication process. 

COPE ethical standards of best practice of journal policy.

Duties of the Publisher
The publisher takes the responsibility to promote these guidelines to all persons, involved in creating and producing the journal. The guidelines are to be endorsed by editors, reviewers and authors as part of our common efforts to provide objective and valuable information to all who are interested in reading and gathering knowledge from it.
In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation. If necessary, this includes the prompt publication of an erratum, clarification or - in the most severe case, the retraction of the affected work. 
The publisher is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by partnering with organizations and maintaining own digital archive. 
The publisher, together with the editors, shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, and under no circumstances encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.


Duties of the Editors
The editors of Public accept and evaluate manuscripts on the basis of their academic value (originality, clarity, actuality, relevance) with no regard to gender, race, ethnic origin, political or religious philosophy, social or institutional affiliation. All decisions for editing or publishing texts are taken by the journal team without other party influence. The Editor-in-Chief has the authority over the journal content and timing of publication.
The editors ensure that all submitted manuscripts being considered for publication undergo peer-review by at least two reviewers - experts in the respective field. The decision for publication is based on the manuscript importance and value, reviewers’ comments and recommendations and conformity with the journal requirements and guidelines. 
The editors should always consider the interests of the authors and the readers when working on publication improvement or making corrections when needed.
Editors and editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the people, directly involved in the evaluation and publication process - corresponding author, reviewers or the publisher. 
Editors and editorial board members will not use or provide to third parties unpublished information of a manuscript without the authors’ written consent. Information, obtained as a result of handling the manuscript is seen as confidential and will not be used in someone’s personal favor. Editors declare that will not participate in process of considering manuscripts that may result in conflicts of interest – including but not only on competitive, collaborative base, or other relationships/connections with author or connected institution. In such case the affected editor will ask another member of the editorial board to handle the manuscript. 
Editors will react on eventual misconduct with no matter a paper is published or unpublished, and will take the necessary responsive measures if necessary - correction, retraction, expression of concern or other note as may be relevant.


Duties of Reviewers
Any manuscripts received for review are confidential documents and must be treated as such. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except if authorized by the Editor-in-Chief (on exceptional and specific circumstances). This applies also to invited reviewers who decline the review invitation.
Any invited referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should immediately notify the editors and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.
Any invited referee who has conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the manuscript should immediately declare their conflicts of interest to the editors so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.
Peer review (double-blind) is an essential component of formal scholarly communication and a milestone of scientific endeavor. Peer review assists editors in making editorial decisions and, through editorial communications with authors, may assist authors in improving their manuscripts. 
Reviews should be conducted objectively and observations formulated clearly with supporting arguments so that authors can use them for improving the manuscript. Personal criticism of the authors is inappropriate.
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors and notify the editors – also of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other manuscript of which they have personal knowledge.
Unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer’s own research without the express written consent of the authors. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for the reviewer’s personal advantage. This applies also to invited reviewers who decline the review invitation.


Duties of Authors
All submitted manuscripts should be original research works that have not been published or submitted for review in other journals. Submission of a manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unethical publishing behavior and unacceptable. 
Only persons who made significant contributions to the conception, data acquisition, or analysis/interpretation of the study, drafted the manuscript or revised it critically for important intellectual content, or are involved in submitting the final version of the paper and its submission for publication, should be listed as authors in the manuscript as they must be able to take public responsibility for the content. 
Authors should ensure that they have written and submit only entirely original works, and they have appropriately cited all used work and/or words of other authors. Plagiarism in all its forms is seen as unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Authors should also disclose any conflicts of interest (including financial) that might influence the results or their interpretation in the manuscript. 
Authors should present an accurate account of the work performed and the results, followed by an objective discussion of the significance of the work. The manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
Authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process and respond promptly to editors’ requests for raw data, clarifications, and copyright permissions. Authors should respond to the reviewers’ comments in a timely manner, revising and re-submitting their manuscript to the journal when asked to.
If authors discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their own published work, it is their obligation to promptly notify the journal editors or publisher and cooperate with them to either correct or retract the paper. If a third party reports that a published work contains a significant error or inaccuracy, then it is the authors’ obligation to promptly correct or retract the paper or provide evidence to the journal editors of the correctness of the paper.
Authors may be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the manuscript for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. 
Authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals after publication – with respect to the proprietary legal rights and data authorship.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.

  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


The electronic journal „Public” provides scientific support to good governance. It is aimed both at practitioners and scientists in the field of public sector management. Both groups can publish in it, as well as vice versa – to find the empirical or theoretical information provided by the "beyond". The journal is scientific. The articles are reviewed and selected for publishing by Editorial Board using the peer review method, ie. by assessing the correspondence of the texts with scientific criteria (scientific problem, thesis, scientific apparatus, method, evidence, achievement of a scientific fact). The Editorial Board is composed of scientists from different management courses and experienced representatives of management practice from the central and local government.The journal „Public” strengthens and promotes modern management thinking in the categories of public policies, good governance and social networks. The journal presents the advantages of this approach to the archaic linear management, which has embraced the public administration in captivity of passive performance. The journal draws attention to the opportunities for creative, strategic and political responsibilities of the administration. Issues of great importance are the new role of public administration in the 21st century, the principles of good governance in the age of globalization, the network approach in governance, strategic thinking, the problems of the administrative elite, administrative capacity and statehood. The research on the effectiveness and efficiency of  the public administration is of central importance. Special attention is given to a multidisciplinary approach to the major problems of public governance. Topics of interest include management in healthcare, education, environmental protection, labor market, immigration, administrative reform, security, social activities, relations between the central and local levels. The techniques and methods for assessing policy implementation are also of interest as well as the financing and budgeting of administrative activity. Although the journal focuses mainly on public policies in Bulgaria, „Public” is paying special attention to good governance practices from Europe and the world. Distinguished internationally affiliated members of the advisory board develop review’s policy, enhance the journal’s promotion and act as reviewers, while the editor-in-chief, field editors and technical editor take care of the implementation of policy through daily activities and contacts with authors and reviewers.



Journal Contact

Telephone /Fax: +3592 9715184



Chief editor

Todor Tanev - Departament of Public Administration, Sofia University



Yehezkel Dror - Professor Emeritus of Political Science and Wolfson Chair of Public Administration, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Prof. Dr. Steve H. Hanke, the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, (USA)

Mark Klinedinst - Emeritus Professor of Economics, The University of Southern Mississippi

Prof. Martin Potůček, PhD - Institute of Sociological Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

Prof. Charles Rock - Professor of Economics, Emeritus, Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida

Jaroslav Dvorak - Klaipeda University, Lithuania 

Onur Kulac - Pamukkale University

Tatiana Tomova - Department of Public Administration, Sofia University

Cvetan Davidkov - Faculty of Economics, Sofia University

Aleksandar Marinov - Department of Political Science, Plovdiv University

Klavdia Sapundzieva - Faculty of Educational Studies and the Arts, Sofia University

Maria Slavova - Faculty of Law, Sofia University

Aleko Djildjov - Council of Ministers of the Republic of Bulgaria


Editors from Sofia University

Simeon Petrov, Nikolai Netov, Albena Taneva


The journal is indexed in the following databases:


Central and Eastern European Online Library -

Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) -

Directory of Research Journals Indexing (DRJI)

ROAD, The Directory of Open Access scholarly Resources -

Index Copernicus International -

The PKP Index -

InfoBase Index (IBI Factor - 2.9) - 

CiteFactor -